Over the years, there has been a lot of discussion and criticism surrounding Pakistan’s voting system. Many think the voting system is partly to blame for the nation’s long history of military rule and political instability. This blog article will examine Pakistan’s electoral system, including its shortcomings and the political effects it has on the country.

Pakistan’s electoral system

The electoral system in Pakistan incorporates aspects of both first-past-the-post and proportional representation. The lower chamber of parliament, the National Assembly, has 342 seats, of which 272 are directly elected using a first-past-the-post system, and 70 are set aside for women and religious minorities. Eight seats are set aside for technocrats and Pakistanis living abroad out of the 104 seats in the Senate, and the upper house, 96 of which are chosen by the four provincial assemblies. Additionally, Pakistan has a multi-party system with numerous political parties running for office. The three main political parties are the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N), Pakistan People’s Party (PPP), and Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf. (PTI).

Problems with the Electoral Process

Despite having a diverse voting system, Pakistan’s electoral system has several faults that significantly impact the nation’s politics.

First off, election cheating and manipulation are commonplace. Vote rigging and other anomalies have been widely reported in previous elections. In addition, the military has occasionally been charged with swaying elections in favor of particular political parties.

Second, the first-past-the-post electoral system favors bigger political parties while giving little prospect for success to smaller ones. As a result, a few political parties now hold a majority of the political power, making it challenging for new parties to develop popularity and influence.

Thirdly, it has been said that the system of allocated seats for women and religious minorities is undemocratic. Political parties are given these seats based on how well they did in the general elections; these seats are not directly up for election. As a result, political parties choose the women and minorities and other underrepresented groups’ delegates on their behalf.

Pakistan’s politics are affected.

The voting system’s faults have significantly impacted Pakistan’s political landscape. Lack of competition and a lack of accountability are results of the concentration of power in the hands of a small number of political parties. As a result, political parties can now engage in corruption and other unethical behavior without worrying about losing their hold on power.

The election system has also influenced the development of extremist groups in the nation. These groups have established a presence in politics by taking advantage of electoral system flaws and appealing to disenfranchised groups who believe their voices are not heard.

The system of allocated seats for women and minorities has also come under fire for not addressing the root causes of inequality and prejudice. Therefore, the institutional impediments that hinder these groups from fully participating in the political process must be discussed, in addition to the need for representation for these groups.

There have been some constructive changes to Pakistan’s electoral system recently. There have been initiatives to improve transparency and accountability in the electoral process, as well as the use of biometric verification devices to stop voter fraud. To make sure that the electoral process is fair, accessible, and democratic, however, much more needs to be done.

The military’s political involvement is one of Pakistan’s electoral system’s main issues. There are worries that the military will continue to meddle in politics, as in the past. In addition, there are worries that the electoral process’ integrity may be compromised by allegations that the military influenced elections in favor of particular political parties.

The need for more confidence in the electoral process is another issue. Many Pakistanis have low confidence in the political system because they doubt the electoral system’s fairness. It is challenging to establish a robust and stable democracy in Pakistan because of this lack of trust.

Despite these difficulties, there are causes for optimism. The emergence of new political parties like the PTI has given Pakistani politics new life and inspiration. Additionally, activists and groups from civil society are working to advance democracy and human rights in the nation.

In the future, it will be crucial to fix the electoral system’s problems and ensure it is democratic, fair, and accessible. This calls for a dedication to openness, responsibility, and the rule of law. Additionally, it will call for a readiness to engage in conversation and compromise and an understanding that democracy is a process that needs ongoing development.


In conclusion, several issues with Pakistan’s electoral process have significantly impacted the nation’s politics. The system is open to rigging and manipulation, favoring more powerful political parties over minor ones. It has also been said that the design of reserved seats for women and minorities is undemocratic. For Pakistan’s political system to be genuinely representational and democratic, these weaknesses must be fixed. Pakistan’s political landscape is significantly influenced by its electoral system. Despite the system’s many shortcomings, there have been recent improvements made. For Pakistan to develop a strong and stable democracy, it will be essential to address the issues the electoral system faces. All parties involved must commit to cooperating to establish a system that is just, free, and democratic. 


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