A nation’s culture defines its society. Not only does it contextualize the diverse ideas inside a community, but it also determines how individuals live, conduct, interact, and communicate. In the center of the South Asian Subcontinent lies Pakistan, a land rich in cultural diversity and endowed with several splendors. Yet, it is a country with a distinct history and culture. Numerous civilizations that once inhabited the region contributed to the development of the country’s food, music, literature, and art throughout thousands of years.

Pakistan offers a remarkable combination of landscapes ranging from plains to deserts to coastal beaches to some of the world’s highest mountains. This diversity of scenery results in cultural diversity. Every valley in the high peaks’ vicinity has unique linguistic and cultural characteristics. Pakistan is home to more than 70 languages and 15 major ethnic groups.

Pakistani culture & society

Pakistan’s culture is diverse and distinct, and has kept its traditions throughout history. During the rule of the Muslim Mughal and Afghan emperors, several cultural customs, foods, monuments, and shrines were inherited. Pakistan’s national clothing, the shalwar kameez, is of Central Asian origin, descended from Turko-Iranian nomads, and is worn throughout the country. Women wear shalwar kameez in vibrant hues, whereas men typically wear solid-colored ones. Western attire is also popular among youth and the business community in urban areas. In recent decades, a middle class has emerged in cities such as Karachi, Lahore, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Faisalabad, and Peshawar that desires to move in a more liberal direction, in contrast to the northwestern regions bordering Afghanistan, which remain highly conservative and dominated by centuries-old regional tribal customs.

The Taboo of Pakistan society

Pakistan is a diverse nation. There are numerous taboos in various regions of the country. Abortion is considered a major social taboo, and people avoid discussing it. We must comprehend what abortion entails and why women in Pakistan undergo the procedure while being aware of its social stigma. In western countries, divorce may be regarded as a common occurrence. However, in the eastern world (Asian countries), divorce is viewed as one of the greatest family taboos. Tragically, there is no life for transgender individuals born in Pakistan. When an intersexual child is born, the family and the parents are devastated. They begin to view it as a curse.

Arts and Crafts

Pakistan possesses an abundance of cultural diversity. The ideals and traditions shared by the people of Pakistan, which include the arts and crafts, unify them. Pakistanis have an extensive history of art and craft. This is evident in the country’s traditional architecture, pottery, textiles, and jewelry. Skills and crafts are integral to Pakistan’s culture and identity.

Pakistan has a long legacy of handicrafts. Numerous traditional crafts are still done in the country. These include embroidery, woodcarving, block printing, and metalwork. The arts and skills contribute significantly to Pakistan’s economy. They employ hundreds of thousands of individuals and produce substantial foreign exchange earnings. The government aims to develop the sector by establishing craft towns and training centers, among other efforts.

Pakistan has the potential to become a regional leader in the arts and crafts industry because of its rich cultural heritage, skilled labor base, and supporting government regulations.

Rhythm and Dance

Pakistan is a place of rich history and cultural variety. Pakistanis are proud of their culture and traditions, reflected in the country’s music and dance.

Pakistani music combines traditional and contemporary influences. The music of Pakistan originates in the region’s folk music, which has been passed down through the years. Traditional instruments such as the sitar, tabla, and harmonium continue to be popular, while newer tools like the guitar and drums have also gained popularity. In addition, Pakistani music is frequently influenced by Sufi poetry and ideas and has a distinctive sound that fuses East and West.

The dance heritage of Pakistan is as diverse as its music. There are numerous regional dance styles, ranging from the explosive Bhangra of Punjab to the graceful Ghumura of Balochistan. In addition, folk dances are an essential component of Pakistani culture and are frequently performed at weddings and celebrations.

Literature of Pakistan

In the realm of Pakistani literature, Pakistani culture is adequately represented. As a result, Pakistan has produced numerous poets, novelists, and playwrights of international renown.

It is evident from their poetry that Pathans are enthusiastic and devoted, as their poetry demonstrates. Several renowned authors include Amir Koror Suri, Rahman Baba, and many others. Muhammad Iqbal, the national poet of Pakistan, is composed primarily in Persian and Urdu. His works focus mainly on Islamic philosophy. The Persian poetry collection Asrar-i-Khudi is Iqbal’s best-known work (“the secrets of the even”). The most famous early Urdu literary works date back to the 14th century.

Pakistani literature consists of poetry, novels, dramas, and short tales. Literature from Pakistan is typically influenced by the country’s rich cultural past and frequently addresses social and political issues. Numerous Pakistani authors have won international accolades, and the literary landscape in Pakistan is growing.


Pakistan is a diverse cultural and religious landscape. From the breathtaking Himalayan peaks to the busy metropolis, this diversified nation has something for everyone. Despite their many backgrounds and religions, the people of Pakistan coexist in a thriving society that celebrates diversity. Pakistan may be what you’re looking for if you’re seeking adventure. Its rich cultural diversity, intriguing sights, and hospitable people will indeed create a lasting impact on all visitors.

Diversity is precious, and we must savor its fruits and rejoice in the chance for the growth of all parts of society in Pakistan and beyond. Promoting healthy peace among our varied groups, castes, and religions will advance the entire community and nation. For a peaceful and progressive society, we may promote social change and cultivate leadership in every aspect of life.


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